Etiological Factors for Male Urethral Stricture, A Cross Sectional Study at Independent Medical University, Faisalabad
Background: Urethral stricture in male is a constricting fibrosis involving corpus spongiosum leading to blader outlet obstruction. There are different etiological factors for development of urethral stricture for which data was missing in our part of country. So, this study was conducted for determination of etiological factors for development of urethral stricture. Objective: To determine risk factors for development of urethral stricture in males Material and Method: Study Design: Cross sectional study. Study Duration: 6 months from July 2022 to Dec 2022. Setting: Department of Urology, Independent Medical University, Faisalabad. Sampling Technique: Non probability consecutive sampling. Sample size: 60 patients. Results: 60 patients were enrolled from age 15-75 years with mean age of 42 years + 2.1 years. Patients presented with lower urinary tract symptom or suprapubic catheter in situ. Data suggested that trauma was leading cause of urethra stricture formation (35%) followed by sexually transmitted infection (25%), past urethral surgeries (11.7%) while other factors were urinary tract infection (55), prolonged catheter in situ (5%), faulty urethra catheterization (6.7%), instrumentation (1.7%), urinary stone passage (8.3%) and urethral malignancy (1.6%) Conclusion: Urethral strictures is one of the most common surgical ailment in Urology facilities with traumatic cause of stricture as most common cause followed by infection.