Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in Patients with Renal Stones; A Single Center Experience
Background: Renal stone disease is highly prevalent disease worldwide and same is for diabetes mellitus. Co-occurrence of stone disease and renal stones have been investigated worldwide but data was lacking for our country. So, this study was conducted to determine the association of diabetes mellitus with kidney stones in patients undergoing surgical treatment. Objective: To determine the frequency of diabetes mellitus in patients with renal stone disease. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Settings: Department of Urology, Aziz Fatima Medical & Dental College, Faisalabad Pakistan. Duration: Six months from August 2022 to January 2023. Methods: 100 patients of either gender of age 20-50 years presenting in outdoor and indoor facility of with renal stones size up to 3cm on Ultrasound KUB (Kidney, Ureter, Bladder) Blood samples for random blood glucose were diabetes mellitus assessed. Data was analyzed by using SPSS V-23. Post stratification Chi square test was applied. P-value <0.05 was taken as significant. Results: 100 patients of either gender were included in the study from age 20-50 years with mean age 39 years ± 1.1 years. Among 100 patients, 41 were male and 59 were female patients. Frequency of diabetes mellitus was assessed and out of 100 patients, 68 (68%) patients were found to be diabetic. Gender association was seen with occurrence of stone disease and diabetes mellitus. Statistically higher incidence of diabetes mellitus was found with patients of renal stones disease in age group from 36-50 years. Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent in patients with renal stones.