Optic Fundus Changes in Pregnancy Induced Hypertension and Pre-Eclampsia
Objective: To determine the frequency of optic fundus changes in patients with pregnancy induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia visited to OPD of tertiary care Hospital. Study design: Cross-sectional. Settings: Gynae Department of Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences. Duration: Six months from June 2016 to November 2016. Methodology: Total 196 women presenting with pregnancy induced hypertension and Pre-eclampsia were included. Detailed history and physical examination were carried out and urine samples were collected to test for proteinuria. Fundoscopic findings in Keith Wagner Grades were noted, and data was collected on a pre-designed proforma. Results: The mean age of the patients was 26.46±4.88 years. Out of 196 cases, fifty-five (28.06%) patients had grade 1 changes. Grade 2 and Grade 3 changes were seen in 15.31% and 3.57% cases respectively, while Grade 4 changes were observed only in 1.53% cases. Conclusion: It was concluded that frequency of optic fundus changes in pregnancy induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia was 48.47%, followed by as grade I 28.06%, Grade II 15.31%, Grade III 3.57% and Grade IV 1.53%.