Effects of Health Education Guidelines on Selfcare Knowledge among Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a worldwide public health problem Due to the fact that the frequency of GDM is unexpectedly increasing worldwide and that the condition has harmful both a short term and long-term impact between the mother and the unborn child. As a result, adequate self-care knowledge, practices and effective treatment of GDM can help to lower problems and enhance both the mother's and her children's pregnancy outcomes. Objective: The present study objective was to assess the effects about health education guidelines on self-care knowledge amongst pregnant women with GDM. Study Design: Quasi-experimental study. Settings: Obstetric & Gynecological Department's Antenatal units at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. Duration: March 15, 2022 to December 10, 2022. Methods: A purposive sample of 72 pregnant women with GDM were randomly allocated to group A and group B through envelop method. Women's knowledge regarding GDM was assessed through “Assessment of women’s self-care knowledge” before and after intervention. Data was entered and analyzed by SPSS 25.0. The assessment of knowledge among both groups before and after intervention was compared by paired sample t test. Results: The study results revealed that after the end of the educational sessions, the intervention group reported significant improvement in knowledge regarding GDM (p=0.00). Conclusion: The intervention group’s level of GDM knowledge increased as a result of the nursing intervention, which is indicative of positive consequences.