Tramadol or Nalbuphine; Which One is Superior for Analgesia in Post-Operative Period after Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Background: Kidney stones has got high prevalence worldwide especially in our part of world and per-cutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is gold standard operative modality for renal stone management. Pain control after PCNL is the most important task for treating surgeon as effective pain control causes smooth patient recovery in post-operative period. For analgesia, many drugs can be used, out of which tramadol and nalbuphine always been in comparison for effective analgesic activity. Objective: To compare efficacy of tramadol and nalbuphine as potent analgesic in patients after PCNL. Study Design: A prospective randomized study. Settings: Department of Urology and Kidney Transplantation, Allied Hospital/Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad and Department of Urology, DHQ Hospital/Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad Pakistan. Duration: From September 2016 to September 2020 (4 Years). Methodology: 286 patients undergoing PCNL for either gender and sides enrolled in study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients divided into Group A (Administered with tramadol) and Group B (administered with nalbuphine) and patients evaluated for pain up to 48 hours after surgery using 11-point numerical pain rating scale rating from0-10 where 0 is no pain, 1-3 mild pain, 4-6 moderate pain, 7-9 severe pain and 10 as worst pain and use of rescue analgesia observed in either groups. Data obtained and statistical evaluation done. Results: 286 patients enrolled from age 15-75 years with mean age of 40.2 years. Among 286 patients, 161 were male and 125 were female patients. Both groups A and B having 143 patients each. Analysis showed that tramadol has superiority over nalbuphine and need of analgesia is more in patient given nalbuphine (118 vs 31) as maintenance analgesic agent in post-operative period after PCNL. Conclusion: This study showed that tramadol has superiority over nalbuphine for analgesia after PCNL.