Frequency of Hypothyroidism in Patients of Beta Thalassemia Major

  • Hooria Rehman Consultant Pediatric Medicine, 885 Umer Block, Bahria Town, Lahore-Pakistan
  • Jaweeria Masood Senior Registrar Pediatric Medicine Children Hospital Faisalabad
  • Saifullah Sheikh Assistant Professor, Pediatrics Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad
  • Qamar Mehboob Associate Professor, Physiology Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad
Keywords: Hypothyroidism, Anemia, Hemoglobin

Abstract

Objective: To check the frequency of hypothyroidism in children suffering from beta thalassemia major. Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Settings: Department of Pediatrics Allied hospital, Ali Zaib Foundation and Sundas Foundation, Faisalabad. Duration: Six months. Methodology: 75
diagnosed cases of beta thalassemia major of age between 5 to 15 years of either gender were enrolled from pediatric ward Allied hospital, Ali Zaib
foundation and Sundus foundation, Faisalabad. Blood sample of 2ml was taken from children for TSH and T4 and was sent to pathology Lab Allied
Hospital Faisalabad. Levels of TSH and T4 were estimated by Elisa kit. Data was statistically analyzed to determine the frequency and percentage of
Hypothyroidism. Results: Mean age of children suffering from hypothyroid was 10.48 ± 2.6 years. Out of these 14 (28.6%) were male and 8 (30.8%)
were female. Hypothyroidism was seen in 22 (29.3%) patients. Conclusion: Hypothyroidism can occur in thalassemia major patients without particular
clinical signs. Screening of thalassemic patients for hypothyroidism is very important for early diagnosis and prompt treatment of affected children to
decrease their sufferings

Published
2019-04-24